Distance Between Two Locations (Sphere) | Resources

Users of our US Zip Codes, US Cities and World Cities databases often need to calculate the distance between two geographic coordinates (in lat/lng). Since the earth is a sphere, you can't use the distance formula that works for two points in a plane. Instead, you should use the Haversine Formula. This formula is an approximation as it assumes the earth is a sphere when, in reality, it's an ellipsoid. However, it is fast and close enough for most uses. Feel free to use our MIT-released implementations below in JavaScript and Python.

JavaScript

/* Distance between two lat/lng coordinates in km using the Haversine formula */
function getDistanceFromLatLng(lat1, lng1, lat2, lng2, miles) { // miles optional
  if (typeof miles === "undefined"){miles=false;}
  function deg2rad(deg){return deg * (Math.PI/180);}
  function square(x){return Math.pow(x, 2);}
  var r=6371; // radius of the earth in km
  lat1=deg2rad(lat1);
  lat2=deg2rad(lat2);
  var lat_dif=lat2-lat1;
  var lng_dif=deg2rad(lng2-lng1);
  var a=square(Math.sin(lat_dif/2))+Math.cos(lat1)*Math.cos(lat2)*square(Math.sin(lng_dif/2));
  var d=2*r*Math.asin(Math.sqrt(a));
  if (miles){return d * 0.621371;} //return miles
  else{return d;} //return km
}
/* Copyright 2016, Chris Youderian, SimpleMaps, http://simplemaps.com/resources/location-distance
 Released under MIT license - https://opensource.org/licenses/MIT */ 

Python

from math import radians, cos, sin, asin, sqrt
# Distance between two lat/lng coordinates in km using the Haversine formula
def getDistanceFromLatLng(lat1, lng1, lat2, lng2, miles=False): # use decimal degrees
  r=6371 # radius of the earth in km
  lat1=radians(lat1)
  lat2=radians(lat2)
  lat_dif=lat2-lat1
  lng_dif=radians(lng2-lng1)
  a=sin(lat_dif/2.0)**2+cos(lat1)*cos(lat2)*sin(lng_dif/2.0)**2
  d=2*r*asin(sqrt(a))
  if miles:
    return d * 0.621371 # return miles
  else:
    return d # return km
# Copyright 2016, Chris Youderian, SimpleMaps, http://simplemaps.com/resources/location-distance
# Released under MIT license - https://opensource.org/licenses/MIT

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